AAVSO: American Association of Variable Star Observers

Proposal #275

Proposer (3053) Andrew Pearce (apearce6916@gmail.com) obscode: PEX
Assigned To(3663) Dirk Terrell
Date SubmittedAug. 5, 2022

I was fortunate to discover what appears to be a strange nova on June 25th which has been designated FQ Circinus. The CVnet-outburst announcement, CBET5138 and Atel #15743 provides some early details. The suspect was also picked up by Gaia a few days after my discovery (AT 2022nyt). The brighness peaked at just about 11th magnitude. Rob McNaught captured the eruption in full on the night before (June 24th). Incredibly his images showed the outburst occurred over only a 2 1/2 hour interval! The Gaia team confirmed that the progenitor appears to be a mag 13.7 blue star which is very unusual for a nova to have only about a 3 magnitude outburst amplitude as well as being an odd progenitor for a nova. The nova suspect faded rapidly as can be seen from the AAVSO light curve.

Dr Elias Aydi from Michigan State University has taken a number of spectra of FQ Cir. As has Tom Love from New Zealand. Tom notes that the event initially had the spectrum of a reddened classical nova and it faded rapidly and developed distinctive twin peaked Balmer lines. Approximately two weeks after the eruption his spectrum was that of a hot blue star.

Elias is still unsure as to what we have here. From a photometry perspective, he recommended to obtain time series to potentially determine the orbital period of the system (if there is one).

Therefore I would like to perform high speed (cadence 60-180s) time domain V photometry of FQ Circinus on a few available nights over as long a period as possible. FQ Cir is currently in the evening sky and it should be possible to acquire approximately 4 hours of data before the target gets too low. This may require OC61 (Mt John) as it may be slightly too faint for the BSM's.

Target RA (H.HH) Dec (D.DD) Magnitude Telescope Observation Frequency Expiration Date Proprietary Term
FQ Cir 15.413222 -60.99647 14.0–10.7 OC61 3 Sept. 30, 2022 No


(3663) Dirk Terrell — Aug. 12, 2022, 3:23 p.m.

It looks like there might be some issues with marking this one as accepted, but the TAC has approved it. Please go ahead and allocate it.

(4726) Kenneth Menzies — Aug. 18, 2022, 7:11 p.m.

Committed to OC61 for 4 hour time series, every three days. We cannot keep this going very long. Inform if/when you get a few full runs. Can you get a period?

Comments on this proposal are closed.